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Salina: the green island

Salina out of the 7 eolian islands is second in surface area(26.8 km/sq.) to that of the habitants(2400).
It is made up of 3 communities: S.Marina, Malfa and Leni. The fractions are: Lingue, Capo Faro, Pollara, Valdichiesa and Rinella.
Salina is made up of 6 volcanoes.
The most recent eruption occurred on the western side of the island about 15000years ago. It created the crater that is now called Pollara. 



Natural aspects

For her vegetation Salina is often referred to as the pearl of the islands. Recent studies have shown that another another 400 different species of plants exist. They are ferns , pines, chestnuts and oaks.
Noteworthy is also the presence of the numerous species of plants, between the chamomile, “elicriso”, “euphoria”, “inula” ,”lentisco” and “borragine”.
On the 6th of May 1981, the natural Reserve “Le montagne delle felci e dei porri”(the mountains of the ferns and leeks) was opened to help conserve and restore the natural forest, mediterranian vegation and defende the fauna. Some of the islands animals are: dormice, numerous rabbits and rare types of cats.
In the 2000 the Eolian islands were made part of the “UNESCO”.
Typically salina has a lovely Mediterranean climate.
In winter, the temperature almost never goes below 10°C and in spring the average is between 20-22°C with summer being about 27-31°C.


Salina and the cinema
Many times the splendid scenery of the island has been captured in important and unforgettable films. The first time was in 1949 when the film ”Il vulcano” (the volcano) , the response to “Stromboli terra di dio”(Stromboli gods land), was released.
Different scenes were shot on the beach at teh port at Rinella.
Big interpretations of this film come from
Anna Magnani and Rossano Brazzi who lived in the room at the local church at Rinella.
In 1993
Nanni Moretti toured the Eolian islands for the second episode of the film “caro diario” from the title “isole”. A new “ciak” came out on teh 17th of April 1994 with the reprise of the last film be Massimo Troisi: "Il Postino " (the postman) a tract from the romance by Antonio Skarmeta “il postino di Neruda” (the postman from Neruda).
In the bay at Pollara, a corner of paradise of the Eolian archipelago, from which came some of the more beautiful scenes.
The film tells of the friendship that comes between the humble postman, Mario, and the exiled poet Pablo Neruda.

The house that Pablo Neruda lived in during the film has now become a pilgrimage where the cimeamators, Massimo Troisi’s fans and simply the curious finish up.